bookmark_borderPrivate DNS Server: Keep Your Business Safe

In today’s interconnected world, where data privacy and security are of critical importance, businesses must take proactive measures to protect their sensitive information. Utilizing a Private DNS server is one often overlooked yet crucial aspect of safeguarding your business. In this blog post, we will explore its concept, benefits, and how it can help keep your business safe from cyber threats.

Understanding DNS and Its Importance

To comprehend the significance of a Private DNS server, we need to understand what DNS (Domain Name System) is and its role in Internet communication. DNS is like a phonebook for the Internet, translating human-readable domain names ( into IP addresses that computers understand. Therefore, it plays a vital role in connecting users to websites and online services.

The Risks of Using Public DNS Servers

Most businesses rely on Public DNS servers provided by internet service providers (ISPs) or third-party companies. While these servers are convenient, they come with inherent risks. For example, public DNS servers are vulnerable to various cyber threats, including DNS hijacking, man-in-the-middle attacks, and unauthorized data collection. Such risks can compromise your business’s security, lead to data breaches, and expose your valuable information.

What is a Private DNS Server?

A Private DNS server, also known as an internal DNS server, is a dedicated server that resolves domain names within a closed network. It is designed to provide DNS services exclusively to authorized users within your organization. By hosting your DNS server privately, you gain greater control over your network’s security and can minimize the risks associated with using Public DNS servers.


Some of the main benefits are the following:

  • Enhanced Security: With a Private DNS server, you can establish robust security measures tailored to your business needs. By maintaining full control over your DNS infrastructure, you can implement stringent security protocols, such as DNSSEC (DNS Security Extensions), which ensure the integrity and authenticity of DNS responses.
  • Improved Performance: Public DNS servers can sometimes be slow due to high usage and Internet congestion. Utilizing a internal DNS server can optimize network performance by reducing latency and resolving domain names quickly within your local network.
  • Privacy and Data Protection: Private DNS servers prevent unauthorized data collection and logging of users’ DNS queries by third parties. That way, it helps protect sensitive information and ensures compliance with privacy regulations such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).
  • Customized Access Control: With a such internal DNS server, you can customize access controls and restrict DNS resolution to authorized users only. This adds an extra layer of protection against external threats and minimizes the risk of unauthorized access to your network resources.

Implementing a Private DNS Server

Setting up a Private DNS server may require technical expertise, but the benefits outweigh the initial effort. You can choose to host the DNS server on-premises or opt for cloud-based solutions. Consult with IT professionals or consider outsourcing to a trusted Managed DNS service provider for seamless implementation and ongoing maintenance.

Best Practices for Private DNS Server Management

To ensure the optimal functioning and security of your Private DNS server, consider the following best practices:

  • Regularly update DNS server software and apply security patches.
  • Implement strong access controls and use secure authentication mechanisms.
  • Monitor DNS server logs for suspicious activity and signs of potential attacks.
  • Regularly backup DNS zone files to prevent data loss.


In an era where cybersecurity threats continue to evolve, safeguarding your business’s sensitive information is non-negotiable. Utilizing a Private DNS server can enhance security, improve network performance, protect user privacy, and gain more control over your organization’s online infrastructure. 

bookmark_borderAuthoritative DNS server: Definition & Characteristics

Are you looking for a reliable way to connect your business to the web? Then, an authoritative DNS server is the perfect solution! It provides a secure, up-to-date source for domain names and IP addresses, ensuring that your website can be accessed quickly and accurately. Read on to learn more about an authoritative DNS server, its key characteristics, and its essential benefits for any web infrastructure.

Explanation & Characteristics of an Authoritative DNS Server

An authoritative DNS server is a specialized server that translates domain names into IP addresses. Browsers and other network devices use it to access website content. In addition to providing the address lookup service, the it also acts as the central repository of information, keeping track of all the domains and their authoritative name servers. When a domain name is requested, these authoritative name servers send the correct IP address. The authoritative DNS server keeps the information up-to-date by transferring zone records between master and slave name servers. It also includes caching, reliability, and security to ensure maximum performance and reliability.

Why is it required?

An authoritative DNS server is one of the most critical components of the Internet. With it, translating a domain name into an IP address is possible. It is responsible for providing information about the various names associated with a domain name. It is also responsible for providing the correct IP address when the name is requested. In addition to providing this essential lookup service, the authoritative DNS server also maintains records of the authoritative name servers of each domain. It is responsible for transferring the domain records between them. This transfer helps keep the information up-to-date and increases the reliability and security of the DNS system.

The authoritative DNS server also provides other essential services, such as caching and reliability. Caching allows the records that have already been looked up to be stored in the server’s memory, improving system performance when the same address is requested multiple times. Reliability is also increased, as the authoritative DNS server ensures that the IP addresses are updated sparingly to reduce the risk of any outages or incorrect information being returned. These features all help to ensure that the Internet can be accessed quickly and reliably.

Authoritative DNS server vulnerabilities

Authoritative DNS servers are vulnerable to a variety of attacks. These attacks can disrupt service, cause server downtime and cause permanent damage to the DNS infrastructure. Some of the most common vulnerabilities of authoritative DNS servers include brute-force attacks, DNS cache poisoning, man-in-the-middle attacks, DNS amplification, and spoofing.

Suggested article: DDoS Amplification attack explained in details

Brute-force attacks are attempts to guess access credentials, such as domain names and passwords, to gain access to a DNS server. DNS cache poisoning involves corrupting cached entry data in order to execute malicious redirects. Man-in-the-middle attacks occur when malicious individuals intercept normal request-response communication between the DNS server and the user’s device. DNS amplification is an attack where attackers cause the DNS server to send an unbounded amount of traffic, overwhelming the server and causing it to crash. Lastly, spoofing is simply the process of faking DNS responses. All of these vulnerabilities can be avoided by ensuring that proper security measures are in place, such as using IP whitelisting and enabling DNSSEC.

Recursive DNS vs Authoritative DNS

Recursive DNS and authoritative DNS are two different types of servers. A recursive DNS server is responsible for saving information and then serving it to clients when asked. This is done by sending a request to another server and then providing the client with the requested IP address. An authoritative DNS server is responsible for supplying records and identifying which other server holds what information. It contains the master list of records used to address DNS queries and answer them.

An authoritative server is crucial for a website to be properly configured. It is necessary to correctly identify where online resources such as websites and files are stored. On the other hand, if a website is not properly configured, it cannot be accessed or used. Recursive DNS servers are essential for providing the name resolution service needed to ensure quick access and a smooth browsing or user experience. By combining both benefits, users can quickly and reliably access the desired websites and files.


An authoritative DNS server is essential for a successful web infrastructure. It provides the necessary lookup service, maintains up-to-date records, and ensures that the IP addresses are cached and secure. With an authoritative DNS server, businesses can provide speedy and reliable access to their website, improving the overall user experience.