bookmark_borderUnderstanding DNSSEC and How It Secures DNS

What is DNSSEC, why is it important?

DNSSEC (Domain Name System Security Extensions) is a critical security protocol that authenticates and ensures the integrity of DNS responses. It protects users from malicious actors trying to spoof DNS information or launch man-in-the-middle attacks that could lead to data theft or other online risks. DNSSEC prevents DNS attacks by using digital signatures, authentication chains, and other security measures to verify that DNS responses are valid and have not been tampered with. Its importance in protecting against a wide range of online threats is why many organizations have begun deploying DNSSEC as part of their overall security strategies.

How does it perform?

DNSSEC works by using cryptographic signatures and authentication chains to protect DNS responses from attackers. First, it helps verify that the end user receives the original DNS response by ensuring that it has not been tampered with during transmission. This is accomplished by creating digital signatures for DNS data, which are then stored in a chain of trust with the organization’s public key responsible for the DNS records. Then, when a DNS response is sent back to the user, it is checked to ensure it matches the chain of trust. If any part of the chain or the response does not match, the request is discarded, preventing an attacker from hijacking or tampering with the response.

Is DNSSEC advantageous?

DNSSEC is a robust security protocol that offers advantages over traditional methods of protecting DNS information. The most noticeable benefit is its ability to protect against various types of online attacks, such as DNS poisoning, spoofing, and man-in-the-middle attacks. Additionally, it is also more reliable and secure than traditional methods since its authentication mechanisms are more difficult to hack. Here are some other advantages of DNSSEC:

  • Increased reliability: DNSSEC helps ensure that DNS responses are valid and have not been tampered with.
  • Improved integrity: DNSSEC ensures that the integrity of DNS responses is maintained, preventing attackers from hijacking or tampering with them.
  • Enhanced authentication: Digital signatures and authentication chains provide robust authentication mechanisms that make online attacks more difficult.
  • Improved usability: The protocol is designed to be easier to use and more intuitive than other DNS security protocols, making it easier for organizations to deploy and manage.

Understanding the challenges of deploying DNSSEC and Secondary DNS together

Deploying DNSSEC and Secondary DNS together can be a complicated process, especially for organizations new to DNSSEC. This is because the two protocols run on different systems, making them challenging to deploy and manage together. In addition, Secondary DNS relies on the primary server for data, meaning that if the primary is down or overloaded, the Secondary DNS will also be affected.

Furthermore, to provide more details, given the current standard for securely operating DNSSEC across multiple providers, ZSKs must be signed with all private keys and stored on all authoritative name servers to ensure that resolvers can access the RRSIG from any name server. Such private key material, however, cannot be shared between name servers due to the lack of support for private key transfer via AXFR, meaning that key rotations must be done manually. Ultimately, while this is a workable solution, it is not guaranteed to work as resolvers may end up accessing the DNSKEY and RRset + RRSIG from different authoritative name servers.


In conclusion, DNSSEC is a powerful security protocol that provides organizations with critical protection against malicious actors. However, it also introduces several challenges, such as technical complexity and needing more usability features. Therefore, organizations looking to deploy DNSSEC should understand the process’s complexities and plan accordingly to reap the protocol’s benefits.

bookmark_borderThe Impact of DDoS Attacks on Businesses: What You Need to Know

Distributed Denial of Service attacks, or short DDoS attacks, are becoming increasingly common in the digital age, causing significant disruptions to businesses and their processes. In a DDoS attack, a large number of systems flood a targeted server with traffic, overloading it and causing it to crash or become unavailable. This can have a significant impact on a business, from lost revenue to reputational damage. In this blog post, we’ll explore the impact of DDoS attacks on businesses and how you can protect your organization.

Understanding the Impact of DDoS Attacks on Businesses

The impact of a cyber attack on a business can be devastating. Here are some of the ways a DDoS attack can affect your organization:

  • Lost Revenue: If your website or online services are offline due to a DDoS attack, you will lose revenue. This can be especially damaging if your business relies heavily on online sales.
  • Reputational Damage: DDoS attacks can damage your brand’s reputation. Customers may become frustrated if they can’t access your website or services, and this can lead to negative reviews or social media backlash.
  • Operational Disruption: DDoS attacks can cause significant operational disruption. Your IT team may have to work overtime to restore services, and this can impact other areas of your business.
  • Legal Consequences: Depending on the nature of your business, a DDoS attack could have legal consequences. For example, if you are unable to provide services to customers due to a DDoS attack, you may be in breach of service-level agreements.

Protecting Your Business from a DDoS Attack

The best way to protect your business from a DDoS attack is to take proactive measures. Here are some steps you can take to protect your organization:

  • Implement a Monitoring Service: A monitoring service can detect and help mitigate DDoS attacks. This can minimize the impact of an attack and keep your services online.
  • Use Secondary DNS: Secondary DNS provides redundancy in case of a DDoS attack. By having a backup DNS server, you can guarantee that your website and services remain available even if your primary DNS server is overloaded.
  • Invest in DDoS Protection:¬†DDoS protection solutions are designed to protect your business from DDoS attacks. These solutions use a variety of techniques to detect and block attacks, such as rate limiting, traffic filtering, and behavioral analysis.

Suggested article: Which is the best DNS for protection against DDoS?

  • Train Your Staff: Your staff can play a vital role in protecting your organization from such cyber attacks. By training your employees on how to identify and report suspicious activity, you can help prevent attacks from happening in the first place.

Final Thoughts

DDoS attacks can have a significant impact on businesses, but there are steps you can take to protect your organization. By implementing a monitoring service, using Secondary DNS, investing in DDoS protection, and training your staff, you can reduce the risk of an attack and minimize its impact if one does occur. Remember, being proactive is key when it comes to protecting your business from cyber threats.